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Reading & Phonics

At Marton Manor Primary School we strive to ensure all children become fluent readers by the end of Key Stage One. We recognise the important part that phonics plays as children develop the skills they need to become confident readers and writers.

Phonics

‘In order to become a reader, a child needs to be able to gain access to meaning from printed symbols.’ (Goswami, 2005, p. 273)  High quality phonics teaching secures the crucial skills of word recognition that enable children to read fluenty and automatically.  Once children are fluent readers, they are able to concentrate on the meaning of a text – reading to learn, rather than learning to read.  High quality phonics teaching also contributes to the development of confident, independent spellers.  Spelling is an essential skill for our children to develop if they are to become effective, independent and accurate writers.

The teaching of phonics at Marton Manor Primary School follows the teaching sequence set out the Sounds-Write programme.  Sounds~Write is a quality first phonics programme that offers the classroom teacher an instructional method that works because it is a structured, multi-sensory, incremental and co-ordinated approach to teaching children to read and spell.

In Reception and Key Stage One, phonics is taught daily for 30 minutes. Teachers teach children these key concepts and skills throughout their phonics lessons.

Conceptual Knowledge

1. Letters are symbols (spellings) that represent sounds.

2.  A sound may be spelled by 1, 2, 3 or 4 letters.

3.  The same sounds can be spelled in more that one way.

4. Many spellings can represent more that one sound.

Skills

1. Blending – the ability to push together sounds to build words.

2. Segmenting – the ability to pull apart the individual sounds in words.

3. Phoneme manipulation – the ability to insert sounds into and delete sounds out of words.

Children in our Foundation Stage begin with the Initial Code where they practice all 3 key skills whilst learning the 1:1 sound-spelling correspondences and securing their understanding of key concept 1. This builds up trust in a truly reversible system, enabling them to decode and encode a wide range of words and sentences. At first, children learn to read and write simple one syllable words with a CVC (Consonant-Vowel-Consonant) structure. Complexity of word structure systematically builds up so that children apply their code knowledge to monosyllabic words with up to 6 sounds. 

Once the Initial Code has been mastered, children continue to practice all 3 key skills whilst learning Extended Code which explores key concepts 2, 3 and 4. Learning of the Extended Code is a lifelong process – we all continue to develop our understanding of this code whenever we encounter new words! Whilst learning the Extended Code, children read and write monosyllabic and polysyllabic words at an age-appropriate level.

Reading

Reading in EYFS - Nursery and Reception

In EYFS, children are encouraged to foster a love of reading through the sharing of quality texts during planned and structured shared reading sessions. Books are carefully selected and key questions are considered before the sessions. Throughout Nursery, children are taught to hear sounds in words through the teaching of regular phonics. This is continued in Reception where children develop secure knowledge of letter sounds, blending those sounds together to read words. Children progress to reading captions and short books that are linked to their current phonic knowledge. Throughout this learning process, children are encouraged to practise these skills at home. Once they are ready, children will take home reading books, linked to the sounds they are learning.

Children are also given the opportunity to borrow books to share with an adult as we believe reading for pleasure is at the heart of fostering children’s love of reading. During the week, adults work with children both in a group and individually to practise reading skills.

WHOLE CLASS SHARED READING

Teachers will share quality texts with the children, discussing the text and asking focussed questions.

Reading in Key Stage 1 (Years 1 & 2)

WHOLE CLASS SHARED AND GUIDED READING

As in EYFS, Year 1 teachers will share quality texts with the children, discussing the text and asking focussed questions until Term 3. In Term 3 they will be introduced to Whole Class Guided Reading as taught in Year 2 –6.

Whole Class Reading Year 2

Pupils in Year 2 take part in a unit of whole class guided reading every fortnight. This involves 4 sessions, which focus on looking at a text more closely, discussing vocabulary, answering a variety of questions and developing inference skills. These sessions last for around 25 minutes each.

Reading in Key Stage 2 (Years 3-6)

WHOLE CLASS GUIDED READING

As with pupils in Year 2, children in KS2 take part in a unit of whole class guided reading every fortnight. This involves 4 sessions, which focus on looking at a text more closely, discussing vocabulary, answering a variety of questions and developing inference skills. These sessions last for around 25 minutes each .

Reading Books

Books in EYFS and  KS1 are banded by phonics units. This ensures that when staff are changing children’s home reading books, they are matching the books that they read to children’s current unit within the Sounds~Write programme. Children will be given an appropriate book that matches their phonics knowledge.  Once children are showing some fluency in their reading, they will be STAR tested to determine whether they are ready to access the Accelerated Reader programme. 

Books throughout the rest of school are organised according to Accelerated Reader’s ZPD system. Children will work at their own pace through the decimals,  moving on when teachers feel they are ready to progress and depending on how well children are performing in the AR book quizzes and Star reading assessments. They will be encouraged to read a variety of different text types through one to one conversations with staff.

Phonics PolicyDownload
Sounds-Write Leaflet for ParentsDownload
Sounds-Write Common Spellings of Consonants and VowelsDownload

Privacy Policy

We regard your privacy as important and any personal information you give to us will be used in accordance with the Data Protection Act 1998 and the General Data Protection Regulations.

We do not store personal information about individuals who visit this site except where they provide contact information via our contact us page and contact forms available on various pages throughout the website.

Any information you provide will only be used for the reasons specified and it will not be shared with any third party without your consent, unless required by law.

Your contact details are kept securely and are only accessed by authorised members of staff as part of the provision of school services. If you do not wish us to keep this contact information please tell us.

This website uses Google Analytics which provides statistical data about the usage of the site. This information is not used to identify individuals, but is collected to provide us with an understanding of the areas of interest on our site and how our site is being used.

If you are connected to the internet you will have an IP Address. This may take the form of a figure, such as 333.333.22.1. The address will be automatically collected and logged as part of the connection of your computer to our web server and may be used to determine the total number of visits to each part of the site. This data is not collected and used for other purposes.

This website contains links to other websites. The School is not responsible for the privacy practices of other sites or organisations and recommends you consult the privacy information on those sites.

This policy will be reviewed and updated versions will be posted on the website.

If you have any questions about the use of your personal information, the Information Commissioner is the independent regulator for both Data Protection and Freedom of Information.

Coronavirus Update

Dear parents,

Please check out our newsletters for the latest information about the phased re-opening of the school the link is provided below.

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Free School Meals

If any of our families find their circumstances have changed due to redundancy or loss of earnings and believe they may be entitled to income -related Free School Meals (rather than the universal free school meals that all Reception - Year 2 pupils currently receive) then please complete this form and send it off to the address on the form.

Free School Meal Form